One of the significant revelations of the chapter is the racial makeup of what we have loosely called the "Samaritans."

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They obtained from him an order to stop the building (Ezra 4:17-22), which they immediately put in execution, Ezra 4:23,24.


Rawlinson supposed that he was an officer of Esarhaddon;[3] Oesterley identified him as, "Ashurbanipal (668-626 B.C. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here.

Another is that some of the same people who saw the glory of Solomon’s temple also lived long enough to see Zerubbabel’s temple finished (Haggai 2:3).

iv. (24) The previous work of rebuilding the temple in the days of Darius is again considered. And I gave the command, and a search has been made, and it was found that this city in former times has revolted against kings, and rebellion and sedition have been fostered in it. Evidently, the great prophet Daniel was deceased early in this period, because it is evident that no powerful voice was available to defend the interests of Israel until the times of Darius I. Ezra 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, filling six volumes, provides an exhaustive look at every verse in the Bible. The chief of the fathers of Israel were soon aware that they meant them no kindness, whatever they pretended, but really designed to do them a mischief, and therefore (though they had need enough of help if it had been such as they could confide in) told them plainly, "You have nothing to do with us, have no part nor lot in this matter, are not true-born Israelites nor faithful worshippers of God; you worship you …

A little later in Ezra (Ezra 6) we shall have a detailed report of how the opposition of the Samaritans was successfully checkmated and how Darius I ordered the temple to be rebuilt. Be it known unto the king, that the Jews that came up from thee are come to us unto Jerusalem; they are building the rebellious and the bad city, and have finished the walls, and repaired the foundations.

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c. Now give the command to make these men cease: The letter from the Samaritan adversaries was successful. 22 Take heed now that ye fail not to do this: why should damage grow to the hurt of the kings?

Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 16 We certify the king that, if this city be builded again, and the walls thereof set up, by this means thou shalt have no portion on this side the river.

They had not power to do it forcibly, but they tried all the ways they could to do it effectually. The people who thus approached the Jews were the remnants of the Northern Israel which remained after the fall of Samaria in 722 B.C. Now, (1.) An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Ezra. God's judgment is always just because he sees things as they are, and it is according to truth. They offered their service to build with the Israelites only that thereby they might get an opportunity to retard the work, while they pretended to further it. Thus the work of the house of God which is at Jerusalem ceased, and it was discontinued until the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia. That they were themselves, and their ancestors, sovereign princes, and their efforts to recover their rights, if there had not been in them the violation of an oath, for aught I know, would have been justifiable, and successful too, had they taken the right method and made their peace with God first. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. II. 4.

It was therefore very unfair, though not uncommon, thus to impute the iniquity of the fathers to the children. The persons concerned in writing this letter. Jeremiah 38:4).” (Yamauchi). 2.

Ezra may have included these later events not only to give examples of opposition, but also to prove that the decision to reject the help of the enemies (4:1) was right. a. It was an important step of faith to refuse a partnership that might have seemed helpful. 23 Now when the copy of king Artaxerxes' letter was read before Rehum, and Shimshai the scribe, and their companions, they went up in haste to Jerusalem unto the Jews, and made them to cease by force and power.


Ver. c. Let us build with you, for we seek your God as you do: They wanted to become partners in the building work, yet they were still adversaries. It is a section unto itself, somewhat interrupting the flow of the text from Ezra 4:3 to 4:24. i. 4.

It was to no purpose to offer any thing to him in prejudice of it.

And translated into the Aramaic language: Starting at Ezra 4:8 and continuing all the way until 6:18, everything is written in Aramaic (instead of Hebrew); Ezra 7:12-26 is also in Aramaic. Ezra 10:3, ‘those that tremble at the commandment of our God’. One is that the same Zerubbabel who started the work also saw it finished (Zechariah 4:9). Thus are the kisses of an enemy deceitful his words are smoother than butter when war is in his heart. Their idolatry represented a grave danger, because Israel was exiled for their idolatry. 2. I. Because the Samaritans had some historical connection to the people of Israel, their faith was a combination of law and ritual from the Law of Moses and various superstitions. "We must date this decree in 446 B.C. ; and it was the news of this disaster which so shocked Nehemiah and forced him into mourning and prayers (Nehemiah 1:3,4).

The consequence was that the work of the house of God ceased for a time, through the power and insolence of its enemies and so, through the coldness and indifference of its friends, it stood still till the second year of Darius Hystaspes, for to me it seems clear by the thread of this sacred history that it was that Darius, Ezra 4:24.

The contrivers are named (Ezra 4:7) that plotted the thing, the writers (Ezra 4:8) that put it into form, and the subscribers (Ezra 4:9) that concurred in it and joined with them in this representation, this misrepresentation I should call it. 1.



In the reign of Ahasuerus… they wrote an accusation: The Samaritan adversaries against the people of Judah sought to stop the work in this way through influencing the king against the builders. Zerubbabel and Jeshua and the rest of the heads of the fathers’ houses of Israel said to them, You may do nothing with us to build a house for our God, Then the people of the land tried to discourage the people of Judah, All the days of Cyrus king of Persia, even until the reign of Darius king of Persia, Cyrus king of Persia, even until the reign of Darius king of Persia, In the reign of Ahasuerus… they wrote an accusation, 3. 1. 21 Give ye now commandment to cause these men to cease, and that this city be not builded, until another commandment shall be given from me. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking.. Study the bible online using commentary on Ezra 4 and more!

3. (1-2) Adversaries try to join the work of building the temple. ii.

Ezra 4 Commentary; 1. They offered to be partners in the building of it, that they might have it in their power to retard it but they were refused, Ezra 4:1-3. EZRA 4. Ezra 4:23–24. Then the people of the land tried to discourage the people of Judah. I. It is true that they worshipped Jehovah, after a fashion; but their worship was corrupted by idolatry. "This is the copy of the the letter they sent to Artaxerxes the king: Thy servants, the men beyond the River, and so forth. Robert Bryce. 19 And I commanded, and search hath been made, and it is found that this city of old time hath made insurrection against kings, and that rebellion and sedition have been made therein.

Commentary on Ezra 4:6-24 (Read Ezra 4:6-24) It is an old slander, that the prosperity of the church would be hurtful to kings and princes. Marvel not if the same arts be still used to depreciate serious godliness. Then the people of the land tried to discourage the people of Judah. In fact, this lobbying against the rebuilding of the temple went on throughout the remainder of the reign of Cyrus, through all the days of Cambyses, and until the second year of Darius I (520 B.C.). sharp arrows, doubtless, of the mighty, and coals of juniper, Psalm 120:3,4. We should carefully consider with whom we are associated and on whose hand we lean. "The great and noble Osnappar" (Ezra 4:10).

II. The King’s Reply. They basely misrepresented the undertaking, and the undertakers, to the king of Persia, by a memorial they sent him, Ezra 4:6-16. b. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. (3) Zerubbabel rightly refuses their offer. It is called (Ezra 4:6) an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem.

The worst enemies Judah and Benjamin had were those that said they were Jews and were not, Revelation 3:9. that Northern Israel would cease to be a distinct people within sixty-five years (Isaiah 7:8); and this was fulfilled by 669 B.C., during the reign of Esarhaddon (680-668 B.C.)."[1]. i. “Their subsequent conduct was so bitterly ill-natured that we are driven to think that they must have had some selfish aims from the first.” (Adeney), ii. We certify the king that, if this city be builded, and the walls finished, thou shalt have no portion beyond the River.

Very careful they were to inform the king that the Jews had set up the walls of this city, nay, had finished them (so it is in the margin) and joined the foundations (Ezra 4:12), when this was far from being the case. Even after the temple was finished under Zerubbabel, the Samaritans continued to oppose the work of rebuilding the city of Jerusalem, and this ongoing resistance is briefly chronicled in this section of Ezra 4:4-23. They tell us of our great sin (an accusation that is often true), but they lie about the greater work of Jesus. All were not alike zealous in it. Artaxerxes, here, very wisely left the door open either for himself or a successor to change his mind and let the building of Jerusalem continue.

They detected the peril.” (Morgan), v. “Such inclusion of the unyielded is, moreover, a wrong done to them, as it gives them a false sense of security.” (Morgan). Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. Their only victory was to delay the work, not to defeat it. In his mind, it meant that Judah had the potential to return to this powerful past. The … Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. The Record of Opposition.

But evidently nothing came of this attempt.” (Kidner).

a. Zerubbabel and Jeshua and the rest of the heads of the fathers’ houses of Israel said to them: Importantly, their response was unified. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament".

But the people of the land — Hebrew of that land; namely, the Samaritans, the present inhabitants of that province. Until the second year of the reign of Darius: This shows us that the work did not stop forever. They did this knowing they had the permission (even the command) of King Cyrus, and knowing they lacked both human and financial resources.

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