The project can be split into two subparts - Compass mechanisms and Map components - allowing up to two students to work simultaneously on the same project. My work also operates in a comparative framework as I compare and contrast across species, taxa, age class, spatial scale and sensory mechanisms to reveal how natural selection has acted to shape navigation behaviour in different animal groups. Richard Holland; Dr Richard Holland. These animals travel thousands of kilometres between breeding areas and winter sites, and show remarkable precision, being able to return to the same breeding site, sometimes even nest, year after year. Our lab addresses this challenge directly however, and we have developed methods to successfully study aspects of migration in the wild. A wider focus of this research path is to understand how age influences spatial memory. My research questions focus the cognitive processes and sensory mechanisms by which animals navigate and migrate. They have also lived in Waterford, PA and Spring Hill, FL plus 4 other locations. 47–81. Email: email@example.com. It is a collaboration with Paul Cross of the School of Natural Sciences and Lars Chittka of Queen Mary University, London. Room: 531 Brambell. Phone: +44 (0)1248 382344. A current project is funded by a BBSRC,responsive mode grant and post doc Florian Mueller is investigating how the magnetic field is used to calculate location, building on our discovery that declination (the difference between geographical and magnetic north) is a component in the navigational map (Chernetsov et al. Unravelling the map and compass in bird navigation. Is There Visual Lateralisation of the Sun Compass in Homing Pigeons? My research group focuses on the cognitive processes and sensory mechanisms by which animals navigate and migrate. Contact info. By Erik Stokstad Jul. Dr Richard Holland. This suggests that the map and compass may not be separate entities, and the cues that birds use for navigation may have been hiding in plain sight. So far, because it is difficult to study migration in the field, most work has been done in laboratory settings using directed migratory restlessness in Emlen funnels as a proxy for migratory behaviour. The mystery of bird migration: testing hypotheses of true navigation. 2017-current, Senior Lecturer, Bangor University, 2011-2016, Lecturer, Queen’s University Belfast, 2009-2010, Research scientist, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, 2006-2008, Marie Curie Outgoing International fellow, Princeton University and University of Leeds, 2002-2005, Postdoctoral research fellow, University of Leeds, 1999-2002, Postdoctoral research fellow, University of Nebraska, 1990-1993, BSc (Hons), University of Nottingham, Animal Physiology, Behaviour and Conservation, Research output: Contribution to journal › Article, Research output: Contribution to journal › Review article, Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter, Research PortalPrifysgol Bangor, Bangor University, Bangor, Gwynedd, LL57 2DG, Bangor University is a Registered Charity: No. The way in which migratory birds are able to navigate between breeding and wintering grounds thousands of miles apart with such remarkable precision remains a mystery despite 50 years of research under the dominant paradigm of the "map and compass" theory. As the majority of birds are night migrants it makes sense that the star compass is the primary candidate, but some studies suggest that these birds calibrate the magnetic compass with sunset, not the stars. I am the course co-ordinator for the Zoology with Animal Behaviour degree (C3D3) and teach on several animal behaviour focused modules, as well as ornithology. This appears to be learned during their first migratory journey from the breeding area they were born in, to the winter ground that they reach after their first migration. Nature 444 (7120), 702-702, 2006. Room: 531 Brambell. 1141565, Postgraduate Study and Research Opportunities. Thus celestial cues such as the sun and stars provide compass directions, but not location. This discovery leaves many open questions however. How exactly to birds calculate declination? While my principle focus is at the level of the whole organism I also incorporate aspects of neurobiology, molecular biology, and physics to identify the environmental cues, sensory pathways and mechanisms used by animals to decide how, when and where to move. 2017-current, Senior Lecturer, Bangor University, 2011-2016, Lecturer, Queen’s University Belfast, 2009-2010, Research scientist, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, 2006-2008, Marie Curie Outgoing International fellow, Princeton University and University of Leeds, 2002-2005, Postdoctoral research fellow, University of Leeds, 1999-2002, Postdoctoral research fellow, University of Nebraska, 1990-1993, BSc (Hons), University of Nottingham, Animal Physiology, Behaviour and Conservation, Research PortalPrifysgol Bangor, Bangor University, Bangor, Gwynedd, LL57 2DG, Bangor University is a Registered Charity: No. As our resident ornithological navigational expert, Dr Holland is a familiar face amongst third year behavioural zoologists at Bangor University. This project is part of the NAV MAP project and will allow prospective students to work on a biological problem in a interdisciplinary context, mixing field work and analytical work. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA. In addition to this, new evidence indicates that one cues that is used in locating the birds' position is declination, which varies from east to west in some parts of the world, i.e.
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