Bartel 2009: described in Adams, R. P., J. // End -->, http://www.cupressus.net/CUmacrocarpaGordon.html, http://www.cupressus.net/CUmacrocarpaHartweg.html, http://www.cupressus.net/Jepson1923a.html. "Trees to 25 m; crown generally broadly spreading, especially on exposed headlands, fairly sparse, often composed of few major limbs from near ground, more upright in sheltered locations. The Monterey cypress is found naturally, only on the Central Coast of California. A much taller tree (height 48 m, dbh 122 cm) occurs in San Francisco, California (American Forests 2000). It is known from fossils to have been in other regions. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T30375A2793139.en, http://calscape.org/Hesperocyparis-macrocarpa-(), "Appendix I: scientific notes on the Monterey cypress", "Isocupressic acid, an abortifacient component of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cupressus_macrocarpa&oldid=981215030, Natural history of the California Coast Ranges, Natural history of Monterey County, California, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'Aurea Saligna'—long cascades of weeping, golden-yellow, thread-like foliage on a pyramidal tree, 'Brunniana Aurea'—pillar or conical form with soft rich-golden foliage, 'Gold Rocket'—narrow erect form with golden colouring, slow-growing, 'Golden Pillar'—compact conical tree with dense yellow shoots and foliage, 'Greenstead Magnificent'—dwarf form with blue-green foliage, 'Lambertiana Aurea'—hardy upright form tolerating poor soil and climate conditions, This page was last edited on 30 September 2020, at 23:52. Branchlets decussate, 1.5-2 mm diam. This tree is widely cultivated as an ornamental tree as an alternative to the Monterey cypress because it offers much better resistance to cypress canker and fungal diseases. B. Jackson & Dallimore) D. Little, xCupressocyparis leylandii (A.  The Latin specific epithet macrocarpa means "with large fruit". The species is widely planted as an ornamental in California and often elsewhere in North America and Europe. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! It is normally dependent on fire in its coastal sage scrub habitat to cause opening of cones and dispersal of seeds, but some cones will open under conditions of moderate heat (such as on hot summer days) and some regeneration occurs in unburned habitat. Tree Size: 50-82 ft (15-25 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter. Earle, 2014.01.18]. Standing on a granite hillside off the 17-Mile Drive, the tree is a Western icon, and has been called one of the most photographed trees in North America. His work among the conifers is commemorated in the alpine pine of Mexico and Central America, Pinus hartwegii. Hartweg (1812-1871) was a German who spent 1845-1848 plant collecting in California at the behest of the Horticultural Society of London. USA: California: the Pacific Coast at Carmel (near Monterey), in two groves, at Cypress Point and Point Lobos (Peattie 1950). Phytologia 91(1):160-185. Pollen cones 4-6 × 2.5-3 mm; pollen sacs 6-10. Price.  Sawn logs are used by many craftspeople, some boat builders and small manufacturers, as a furniture structural material and a decorative wood because of its fine colours. Phytologia 91(1):226-243. Genus Cupressus are vigorous, evergreen trees with flaking or scaly bark, often with columnar or narrowly ovoid crowns, small, often aromatic, … In New Zealand, where it is also widespread, it is simply known as "macrocarpa".  Monoterpenes (α- and γ-terpinene and terpinolene) are constituents of the foliage volatile oil.
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